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Guava – Varieties in India, Production, Seasons, and Economic Importance.

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Guava (Psidium guajava) is a tropical fruit that is oval and originated from Central America and Mexico. It is the fourth most significant fruit after mango, banana, and citrus fruits.   Later, guava is harvested across Asia and predominantly on the Indian subcontinent. There are around 30 varieties of Guava in India, However white guava and pink guava are the most commonly cultivated varieties. The guava is a tiny 5 petal, white flower with numerous stamens before becoming a fruit. The appearance of guava is greenish-yellow on the outside with white or pink flesh inside and the flesh is loaded with seeds.

Varieties of Guava in India

There are many varieties of Guava in India. However, White Guava and Pink guava are the most preferred varieties by fruit pulp manufacturers. The Indian guava varieties are named as per the skin and pulp color. Some varieties of guava in India are named according to the place of origin and its shape. Allahabad Safeda and Sardar varieties dominate the Indian market because of their yielding capacity, great quality, and their acceptance all over the world. Of all the numerous guava varieties, Allahabad safeda is the best guava variety in India. It is used for both processing and table purposes.The popular Indian guava varieties are Allahabad Safeda, Sardar (Lucknow 49), Pant Prabhat, Lalit, Dhareedar, Chittidar, Arka Mridula, and Khaja (Bengal Safeda).

The Lucknow variety of guava is cultivated in Nuzvid, Vijayawada, and Andhra Pradesh and used for pulping. Safeda variety is produced in the region of Odugathur, Bangalore, and Tadipatri and used as a pulping and table variety. The Allahabad variety is produced in Madurai, Theni, and Dindigul and used as a table variety. Indian guava varieties are used as a table variety and also for manufacturing fruit pulps. White guava and pink guava varieties are the most popular in manufacturing pulp, puree, and concentrate

Pink guava is one of the popular varieties of guava in India. The desi Karnataka variety of pink guava is used in the pulping industry. Taiwan, Arka Kiran varieties are grown in the region of Tadipatri and Vijayawada and are used as table varieties. Pink guava varieties are mostly used in food processing industries, because of their natural sweetness and higher pulp content. Indian guava varieties with more Brix value are preferred by pulp and beverage producers to have a better taste and sweetness in drinks.

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