Mango season and production in India
Mango is the national fruit of India, imbibed in the Indian traditions and culture. India is the world’s largest producer of mangoes. India had produced 21.8 million metric tons of mango in the year (2017-2018), contributing to 40% of the world’s total production. Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of mango in India contributing to 21% of India’s mango production. Totapuri mango production In India is comparatively high since totapuri mangoes are preferred by the fruit pulp manufacturers in India. Harvesting and post-harvest handling of mangoes in India result in 9.16% wastage (CIPHET:2015).
Alphonso and Totapuri mango season in India
The mango season and harvest in India are staggered through the country’s major producing areas including Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, Maharashtra, and Bihar. While the southern states start supplying mango to the domestic markets from the end of March, northern and eastern states see peak harvesting in June. The extended monsoon in 2020 and a general change in weather patterns harmed the production of Alphonso and other mango varieties in Maharashtra’s Konkan region. As a result, mango production in the region was expected to be 30-40% lower than the previous years, and deliveries were likely to be delayed until late April or early May rather than mid-March arrivals. Mango production in Gujarat is expected to be better this year with a high percentage of flowering. However, mango arrivals in 2021 are delayed in most parts of the country.
Alphonso mango production in India 2021
Crop condition in Tamil Nadu (Krishnagiri and Dindigul) and Karnataka (Mysore, Channapatna, and Bangalore belt)
In Tamilnadu, crop availability is low due to less flowering. This year, the fruit size is good in all growing regions due to sufficient rainfall last month. The rainfall in the upcoming weeks will not change the crop scenario, since the Alphonso mangoes have already reached the harvesting stage. The harvesting will take place from the 1st week of May and end last week. Due to the shortfall of AMP last year, processors are not going to wait for the prices to fall. Due to the high fruit prices last season, the farmers have increased the plantation areas.
Weather status in Krishnagiri and Dindigul
The present temperature lasts between 31 deg C to 35 deg C during the daytime and 24 deg C to 26 deg C during the night. The forecast temperature for the next 15 days is expected to be 33 deg C to 40 deg C during the day and 24 deg C to 26 deg C during the night.
Weather status in Karnataka
The present temperature lasts between27 deg C to 32 deg C during the daytime and 22 deg C to 24 deg C during the night. The forecast temperature for the next 15 days is expected to be 32 deg C to 38 deg C during the day and 24 deg C to 26 deg C during the night. The rain forecast is up to 60%.
Yield: The overall crop size and availability are similar to last year due to the untimely rains during flowering and lower fruit setting.
Price: The fruit price is expected to be the same as last year.
Quality: This year, Alphonso mango pulp is expected to have a lower brix because of the rainfall during harvesting. The colour and flavour of the product are good.
Totapuri Mango Production in India 2021
Crop conditions in Tamil Nadu (Krishnagiri and Dindigul) and Andhra Pradesh (Chittoor, Srinivaspur, Vijayawada)
The size of the totapuri mangoes is good in all regions due to the good rainfall last month. The yield is less in Tamil Nadu due to the less flowering and dry spells in December and January. Kodur and Chittoor district in Andhra Pradesh has a better crop than last year due to timely rainfall and favourable weather conditions. The rainfall in the upcoming weeks will increase the size and reduce the brix of the fruit. The crop is delayed due to the late flowering. The first flowering crop harvest is expected in the first week of June and the 2nd and 3rd will be done on the 3rd and 4th week of July. The Harvest will end in late July.
Weather status in Krishnagiri and Dindigul
The present temperature lasts between 31 deg C to 35 deg C during the daytime and 24 deg C to 26 deg C during the night. The forecast temperature for the next 15 days is expected to be 33 deg C to 40 deg C during the day and 24 deg C to 26 deg C during the night. The rain forecast is up to 60%.
Weather status in Chittoor, Vijayawada, and Srinivaspur
The present temperature lasts between 32 deg C to 37 deg C during the daytime and 24 deg C to 26 deg C during the night. The forecast temperature for the next 15 days is expected to be 33 deg C to 40 deg C during the day and 24 deg C to 26 deg C during the night. The rain forecast is up to 60%.
Yield: The overall crop size is expected to increase by 5-10% compared to last year due to good rainfall in the mango-growing regions.
Price: The fruit price is expected to be 5-10% lower than last year due to better crop yield.
Quality: This year, Totapuri mango pulp is expected to have a lower brix because of the good rainfall last month. The colour and flavour of the product are expected to be good.
Mango season In India
The peak mango season in India is from April-July in the southwest and moves towards the northeast in June-July. The flowering starts in the month of December-January in the south and it lasts till February. The peak mango season in Tamilnadu is from April to July. Alphonso mango season Totapuri mango season is from March to July. Alphonso mango season 2021 is expected to be an average crop. This is the same condition for the totapuri mango season in 2021. In India, Untimely rains and weather changes could affect the flowering and may delay the drop. On average, a mango tree can produce 20-200kgs of mango per harvest season. Because of this reason, the mango yield is difficult to forecast.
Mango grows well in tropical and subtropical areas. It grows well in nearly all sections of the country but cannot be farmed commercially beyond 600 meters. It cannot withstand prolonged freezing, especially if the tree is young. Heavy temperatures alone are not harmful to mango trees, but when combined with low humidity and high winds, they have a negative impact. From the below chart it is clear that most of the mango varieties In North India belong to the late season and midseason in the west and south India.
The increased freight charges have resulted in prices that are still higher than they were two years ago. The mangoes are cheaper than they were last year: The price is slightly lower than the previous season.
|States||Mango Season and harvest in India|
|Gujarat||May – June|
|Maharashtra||April – May (Ratnagiri)|
May- June (other regions)
|Tamilnadu||April – May|
|Andhra Pradesh||May – July (Coastal districts)|
|Uttar Pradesh||June- August|
|Bihar and Northern states of India||June – August|