Mango, the king of fruits, is deep-rooted in Indian culture and tradition. India is the largest producer of mango contributing to 51% of the world’s total production till 2022. The total mango production in India in 2022 varies for each variety. The mango crop this year has a drop in the yield with the increase in fruit prices. However, some regions had a good yield with better fruit sizes. There is a mango shortage in 2022 compared to last year. Especially the processed varieties Alphonso and totapuri saw a shortage with the increase in the prices.
The export of mango pulp in 2022, is expected to increase by 20% to 1,45000 tonnes. Uttar Pradesh is leading the mango production in India contributing to 21% market share. However, most of the northern varieties are used for table purposes. The processed mango varieties are produced in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Gujarat. Alphonso and totapuri are the main processed varieties Totapuri mango production is relatively higher in Andhra Pradesh with more number of mango pulp processors around the mango orchard.
Alphonso mango crop report 2022
Crop condition in Karnataka (Mysore, Channapatna, and Bangalore belt)
Due to good rainfall and a larger cultivation region, the Karnataka region has better crop availability. However, the total Alphonso mango production quantity is still less than 2021 due to fruit drop at the fruit setting stage. The alphonso mango season 2022 is between April to July. The harvesting of the Alphonso mango will begin in the 1st week of May and end in the 1st week of June. Farmers in Karnataka have increased their plantation areas due to the high fruit prices last season.
Weather status for mango crop in Karnataka (Mysore, Channapatna, and Bangalore belt)
The present temperature during the day is between 30 degrees Celsius to 34 degrees Celsius. The temperature during the night varies between 22 degrees to 24 degrees Celsius. The rain forecast is up to 50% in the Karnataka region. The forecast temperature for the next 10-15 days would be 32-23 degrees Celsius during the day and 22 degrees Celsius to 24 degrees Celsius during the night.
Mango crop condition in Tamil Nadu (Krishnagiri and Dindigul)
The crop availability is low due to the less flowering and less cultivation region. This year, the fruit size is good in all the regions due to the sufficient rainfall last month. Rainfall in the coming weeks will not affect crop production because the fruits have already reached the harvesting stage. Due to the shortfall of Alphonso mango pulp last year, the processors aren’t going to wait for the prices to fall.
Alphonso mango crop production in India 2022
Yield: The overall crop size is 10-15% lower than the previous year because of untimely rains during the flowering stage and mist during the fruit set.
Cost: The price of Alphonso mango is predicted to be 10-15% more than the previous year. This is because of the fresh market demand this year as the country was in lockdown for 2 seasons.
Quality: This year, Alphonso mango is expected to have a lower brix due to the rainfall during the harvesting season. The colour and flavour of the fruit are good.
Totapuri mango crop report 2022
Crop condition in Andhra Pradesh (Chittoor, Vijayawada, Srinivaspur regions)
The size of the totapuri mango is good in all regions (including Tamil Nadu) due to the good rainfall last month. The crop has been delayed due to late flowering. The fruit harvests from the 1st flowering are expected in the 1st week of June. The 2nd and 3rd flowering crops are expected in the 3rd and 4th week of June. The fruit harvest will end in mid-July. The totapuri mango season in India is from April to July. The mango pulp processors will not wait for the prices to fall due to the shortage of Totapuri mango pulp last year.
Weather status for mango crop in Andhra Pradesh (Chittoor, Vijayawada, Srinivaspur regions)
The present temperature lasts between 32-37 degrees celsius during the daytime. During the night, the temperature is between 26-and 28 degrees celsius. For the next 15 days, the forecast temperature is expected to be 34-40 degrees Celsius during the day and 25-28 degrees during the night. The rain forecast is up to 50%.
Crop condition in Tamil Nadu (Krishnagiri and Dindigul)
This year, the totapuri mango crop in Tamil Nadu is better than in Andhra Pradesh due to the favourable weather conditions during the flowering and fruit setting stages. In Andhra Pradesh (Chittoor and Kodur district), the yield is less due to the untimely rainfall. The fruit didn’t withstand due to the unpleasant weather conditions. The rainfall in the upcoming weeks will increase the size of the fruit and reduce the brix content.
Weather status in Tamil Nadu (Krishnagiri and Dindigul)
The present temperature lasts between 31 and 35 degrees Celsius during the daytime. During the night, the temperature is between 23 and 26 degrees celsius. For the next 10-15 days, the forecast temperature is expected to be 33-38 degrees Celsius during the day and 24-26 degrees during the night. The rain forecast is up to 60% in Tamil Nadu.
Totapuri mango production in India 2022 (Including Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh)
Yield: This year, the totapuri mango production is expected to see a drop up to 25-30% compared to last year. This scenario prevailed because of the excessive rainfall during the monsoon and less flowering.
Cost: The totapuri fruit cost is expected to increase by 30-40% higher than the last year due to the fresh market demand this year as the country was in lockdown for the past two years.
Quality: This year, totapuri fruit is expected to have a lower brix due to good rainfall last month. The brix value is better with a warmer climate and it varies based on the weather conditions every year. The Colour and flavour of the fruit are expected to be good this year.
4 major Challenges for the mango pulp production in 2022
- Covid-19 has been a challenge to the mango crop since 2020. It affected the logistics and supply chain for the past 2 years. The covid situation is presently under control. However, the chances of the 4th wave are high.
- All input material costs including packing material, fuel cost, labour cost, and machinery cost are at an all-time high. Since the flat steel price has gone up, which is an important material in the mango pulp packaging,
- It is expected that the ocean freight rates will continue to remain elevated throughout 2022 as the containerized logistics disruption continues.
- Unpredictable weather conditions and late-flowering causes delay in harvest and fruit drop. This increases the demand and shortage of pulp products.
Mango season in India 2022
The peak mango season in India in 2022 is from April to July in the southwest and moves to the north in the month of June-July. The mango season in Tamilnadu 2022 is from April to July. The mango season in Karnataka 2022 and Andhra Pradesh also follows the same month. In the southern region, the flowering starts in December- January and lasts until February. The Mango season in Tamil Nadu lasts from April to July. Unexpected rains and weather changes disrupted the flowering delaying the mango season in In India 2022. On average, a mango produces 20-200kgs of mango per harvest season. Hence, forecasting the exact number of mango yields is tedious.
Mango production In India in 2022 is less compared to the previous years. This is because of the inclement weather conditions. However, the mango exported to the USA as fresh fruit is expected to surpass 1095 million tonnes. It also paves an opportunity for the other delicious north and eastern mango varieties such as Chausa, Langra, Dushehri, and Fazli. However, these mango varieties are suited for table purposes. The processing industry solely focuses on Alphonso, Totapuri and Kesar varieties.
|Name of the state||Mango harvesting season|
|Tamil Nadu||April – July|
|Andhra Pradesh||May – July (Coastal districts)May (Rayalaseema)|
|Maharashtra||April – May (Ratnagiri)May- June (other regions)|
|Karnataka||May – July|
|Uttar Pradesh||June- August|
|Bihar and Northern states of India||June – August|
|Gujarat||May – June|